Bofors forge is founded in Sweden.
Det Holmbladske Selskab, now Sadolin, is founded in Denmark.
KemaNobel is established in Sweden. More than a hundred years later, in 1984, KemaNobel will merge with Bofors to form Nobel Industries, which will in turn be acquired by Akzo in 1994.
Elektrokemiska Aktiebolaget (EKA) founded in Bengtsfors, Sweden by Alfred Nobel (founder of the Nobel Prize), C. W. Collander and Managing Director Rudolf Liljeqvist. Chlorine and alkali are the first products.
EKA moves to Bohus, north of Göteborg.
EKA manufactures 3,000 tons of chemicals in Bohus. Production of water glass starts.
Many new chemicals are added to the product range; i.e. ferric chloride, hydrochloric acid and hydrogen peroxide.
Wartime production with many specialty chemicals. Among others, metasilicate directly for consumers use.
EKA is acquired by the forest company, Iggesunds Bruk AB.
Start of ammonia production.
New hydrogen peroxide production, based on a Russian license.
Environment considerations grown in importance in all sections of society. Restrictions on mercury emissions.
New chlorine-alkali plant in Bohus, with employees totalling 460 employees. Large investments in environmental protection.
Sodium metasilicate production in Maastricht, the Netherlands; Eka’s first plant outside Bohus.
Growth of paper chemicals, based on Compozil. Subsidiary established in Finland.
The company is acquired by Nobel Industries and becomes Eka Nobel AB. As a result of the merger, sodium chlorate becomes a major Eka product, with operations expanded to North America.
Merger with Stora Kemi, Alby Klorat, and Albright & Wilson paper chemicals division. Heavy investments in new plants. Eka runs production in 14 countries around the world. Lignox, a patented hydrogen peroxide bleaching process is introduced.
Hydrogen peroxide production starts in Venezuela.
Merger of Nobel Industries and Akzo. Akzo Nobel is the new company, of which Eka Chemicals represents one of thirty business units.
Eka celebrates its 100-year anniversary. New paper chemical plants in Brazil and Finland. Paracetic acid introduced as a bleaching agent.
Chlorine-alkali production is transferred to Akzo Nobel Base Chemicals and the silicates business is transferred to the joint venture Akzo PQ-Silica (APS). New paper chemicals plants established in Thailand and Indonesia.
Colloidal-silica production unit acquired in Taiwan. Eka Chemicals acquires Enso Paperikemia, with plants in Oulu, Finland, thereby extending Eka operations to paper coating.
Expansion of sodium chlorate capacity in Mo i Rana, Norway and Talcahuano, Chile. Sodium percarbonate introduced as a bleaching agent for detergents.
Paper chemicals operations in South Korea acquired and a new plant established in People’s Republic of China. Over-capacity of hydrogen peroxide in Europe and North America.
Expansion of paper chemicals production at Trollhättan, Sweden and in Gunsan, South Korea. Acquisition of Hopton Technologies Inc. in the US adds coatings technology to operations.
Eka starts manufacturing chlorine dioxide on-site at pulp mills in Norrsundet and Karlsborg.
First Chemical Island in Brazil. Eka takes full responsibility for production and supply of all chemicals to the Veracel chemical pulp mill.
Fifteen remotely monitored, chlorine dioxide plants in operation at customer sites.
Purate is launched for the disinfection of drinking water and slime elimination in paper mills, and for small-scale bleaching of non-wood pulps.
A second paper chemicals plant is established in Guangzhou, China.
A new R&D center is opened in Bohus, Sweden
Early in 2011, we announced our biggest ever investment in Latin America in order to build a new plant to supply the world’s largest pulp mill at Eldorado Celulose e Papel in Brazil.
And, Eka stepped into Russia by signing a long-term joint venture agreement with Ilim Group, Russia’s largest producer of forest products, regarding the sodium chlorate production plant located in Koryazhma in the Arkhangelsk Oblast region. A €30 million investment, Stockvik, Sweden as well as a €90 million investment, Eldorado (Brazil). EcoFill system launched. Company name changed to AkzoNobel Pulp and Performance Chemicals. Divestment of Permascand and European ASA business.
Another pulp Chemical Island facility in Brazil in order to supply the Suzano Maranhão pulp mill. This is AkzoNobel’s second largest investment in Brazil in the past 12 months and further expands Eka's sustainability-focused Chemical Island concept.
Divestment of Purate. Investments in colloidal silica, Asia and Europe announced.
Imperatriz Chemical Island in Brazil opens.
The AkzoNobel Paper Chemicals business divested to Kemira effective May 4